The first panel of this years conference will be focus on how our research has, will and can contribute to our understanding and applicantion in the field of health, well being and behaviour.
The chair of this panel will be head of the Graduate school, Professor Ann MacLarnon. She has done research on the evolution of reproductive life history characteristics in mammals, as well as brain size and spinal cord size evolution. Using this broad comparative base, she has worked on the evolution of human speech breathing involving evidence from fossil hominids, and most recently on the Flores dwarf hominids, concentrating on the tiny brain size and possibility of microcephaly in the best known specimen.
The four presenters for this sections are;
Coined in 1964 to describe a fast-emerging field, psychoneuroimmunology traces how psychological processes translate through the brain to impact on the immune system. Fundamentally interdisciplinary in nature, it draws together a dozen scientific fields from psychology to neuroscience, endocrinology, molecular biology and behavioural medicine to examine the the bi-directional relationship between mental processes and health.
One of these key mental processes is the deeper effect of stress. Music has been used as a method of stress relief for thousands of years. Yet the mechanisms underlying this - the psychoneuroimmunology of music - have scarcely been examined. Music’s impact on immune function is a fundamental question which could increase the use of music in healthcare settings, have implications for music psychology and applied musicology, and provide a new perspective on music’s role in society.
Drawing on a systematic review just completed of this field, this presentation will trace the broad psychological, neurological and immunological pathways by which music exerts an effect, comparing the results of over 30 years of clinical trials. It will then focus specifically on immune biomarkers to give a more in-depth and tangible illustration of the biological impact that music can have.
Finally, this presentation will consider two questions key to the conference's theme: what future research directions need to be taken to make a difference to the field; and, focusing on a case study of a recent NHS arts-in-health project, how can the results from this research be turned into programmes that will make a difference to patient outcomes.
Describing the distribution of groundwater fauna in the UK and analysing the factors controlling it
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